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Advances in Orthopedics
Volume 2014, Article ID 178156, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/178156
Research Article

Total Knee Arthroplasty Designed to Accommodate the Presence or Absence of the Posterior Cruciate Ligament

1Department of Bioengineering, 301 Rhodes Engineering Research Center, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634-0905, USA
2MEA Forensic Engineers & Scientists, 23281 Vista Grande Drive, Laguna Hills, CA 92653, USA
3Leslie Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine, 226 East U.S. Highway 54, Camdenton, MO 65020, USA
4Department Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, MAEA 318, University of Florida, P.O. Box 116250, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
5Department of Orthopaedics, Eastern Maine Medical Center, 489 State Street, Bangor, ME 04401, USA

Received 2 March 2014; Revised 26 August 2014; Accepted 31 August 2014; Published 8 October 2014

Academic Editor: Rene C. Verdonk

Copyright © 2014 Melinda K. Harman et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Evidence for selecting the same total knee arthroplasty prosthesis whether the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is retained or resected is rarely documented. This study reports prospective midterm clinical, radiographic, and functional outcomes of a fixed-bearing design implanted using two different surgical techniques. The PCL was completely retained in 116 knees and completely resected in 43 knees. For the entire cohort, clinical knee and function scores and radiographic outcomes were good to excellent for 84% of patients after 5–10 years in vivo. Range of motion averaged , with 126 knees exhibiting flexion. Small differences in average knee flexion and function scores were noted, with the PCL-resected group exhibiting an average of 5° more flexion but an average function score that was 7 points lower compared to the PCL-retained group. Fluoroscopic analysis of 33 knees revealed stable tibiofemoral translations. This study demonstrates that a TKA articular design with progressive congruency in the lateral compartment can provide for femoral condyle rollback in maximal flexion activities and achieve good clinical and functional performance in patients with PCL-retained and PCL-resected TKA. This TKA design proved suitable for use with either surgical technique, providing surgeons with the choice of maintaining or sacrificing the PCL.