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Advances in Orthopedics
Volume 2015, Article ID 543412, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/543412
Review Article

Acute Compartment Syndrome in Orthopedics: Causes, Diagnosis, and Management

Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital, Drogheda, Ireland

Received 31 August 2014; Accepted 23 December 2014

Academic Editor: Rene C. Verdonk

Copyright © 2015 Hasnain Raza and Anant Mahapatra. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Almost all orthopaedic surgeons come across acute compartment syndrome (ACS) in their clinical practice. Diagnosis of ACS mostly relies on clinical findings. If the diagnosis is missed and left untreated, it can lead to serious consequences which can endanger limb and life of the patient and also risk the clinician to face lawsuits. This review article highlights the characteristic features of ACS which will help an orthopaedic surgeon to understand the pathophysiology, natural history, high risk patients, diagnosis, and surgical management of the condition.