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Advances in Orthopedics
Volume 2016, Article ID 7901953, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7901953
Research Article

A Trend for Increased Risk of Revision Surgery due to Deep Infection following Fast-Track Hip Arthroplasty

1Orthopedic Research Group, Lovisenberg Diakonale Hospital, Nydalen, P.O. Box 4970, 0440 Oslo, Norway
2Department of Nursing Science, Institute of Health and Society, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Blindern, P.O. Box 1130, 0450 Oslo, Norway
3Department of Family Health Care Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, Box 0606, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
4Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Nydalen, P.O. Box 4956, 0450 Oslo, Norway
5Oslo University Hospital, University of Oslo, 0450 Oslo, Norway

Received 13 October 2015; Revised 29 January 2016; Accepted 1 February 2016

Academic Editor: Panagiotis Korovessis

Copyright © 2016 Einar Amlie et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Rates of revision surgery due to deep infection following total hip arthroplasty (THA) increased at a Norwegian hospital following implementation of fast-track procedures. The purpose of this study was to determine whether selected demographic (age and sex) and clinical (body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, surgery duration, length of hospital stay, cemented versus uncemented prosthesis, and fast-track procedures) factors were associated with higher risk of revision surgery due to deep infection following THA. In a prospective designed study 4,406 patients undergoing primary THA between January 2001 and January 2013 where included. Rates of infection-related revision surgery within 3 months of THA were higher among males and among patients who received fast-track THA. Adjusting for sex and age, the implemented fast-track elements were significantly associated with increased risk of revision surgery. Risk of infection-related revision surgery was unrelated to body mass index, physical status, surgery duration, length of hospital stay, and prosthesis type. Because local infiltration analgesia, drain cessation, and early mobilization were introduced in combination, it could not be determined which component or combination of components imposed the increased risk. The findings in this small sample raise concern about fast-track THA but require replication in other samples.