Advances in Orthopedics / 2018 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Pathology and Treatment of Traumatic Cervical Spine Syndrome: Whiplash Injury

Table 2

Clinical classification on whiplash-associated disorders proposed by the Quebec Task Force [2].

GradeClinical presentation

0No complaint about neck pain
No physical signs

INeck complaint of pain, stiffness, or tenderness
No physical signs

IINeck complaint
Musculoskeletal signs including
Decreased range of movement
Point tenderness

IINeck complaint
Musculoskeletal signs
Neurological signs including
Decreased or absent deep tendon reflexes
Muscle weakness
Sensory deficits

IVNeck complaint and fracture or dislocation

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