Table of Contents
Advances in Optical Technologies
Volume 2011, Article ID 265702, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/265702
Research Article

Nonstandard FDTD Simulation-Based Design of CROW Wavelength Splitters

1Department of Computer Science, Graduate School of Systems and Information Engineering, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573, Japan
2Department of Nanosystem Science, Graduate School of Nanobioscience, Yokohama City University, 22-2 Seto, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 236-0027, Japan
3Optics and Electronics Laboratory, Fujikura Ltd., 1440 Mutsuzaki, Sakura, Chiba 285-8550, Japan
4Koga Soken Ltd., 344-6 Uchikoshi-machi, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0082, Japan

Received 27 January 2011; Accepted 23 March 2011

Academic Editor: Augusto Belendez

Copyright © 2011 Naoki Okada et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) algorithm has been used in simulation-based designs of many optical devices, but it fails to reproduce high-Q whispering gallery modes (WGMs). On the other hand, the nonstandard (NS) FDTD algorithm can accurately compute WGMs and can be used to make simulation-based designs of WGM devices. Wavelength splitters using the coupled resonator optical waveguides (CROWs) based on WGM couplings have recently attracted attention because they are potentially ultracompact. In this paper, we design a CROW wavelength splitter using NS FDTD simulations and demonstrate high interchannel extinction ratios of over 20 dB.