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Volume 20, Issue 2, Pages 77-90

A New Low-Expansion Composite in Lead Iron Niobate-Lead Titanate System

Materials Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India

Received 3 June 1996; Accepted 30 August 1996

Copyright © 1997 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A composite prepared between lead titanate (PT) and lead iron niobate (PFN) exhibits low thermal expansion coefficient (α) over the temperature range 300–673K. X-ray, DTA, and dilatometric measurements have been used to identify the optimum sintering condition, retaining the individual constituent identity, to achieve overall low bulk thermal expansion. The composite, PFN0.35PT0.65 sintered at 1223K for 15 min. and at 1253K for 60 min. are sufficiently dense and show an overall α of –0.3 × 10–6/K and –1.2 × 10–6/K, respectively, in the temperature range 300–673K.