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Active and Passive Electronic Components
Volume 20 (1998), Issue 3, Pages 151-155
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/1998/97537

Versatile Active Biquad Based on Dual-Output Second-Generation Current Conveyors

King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Box 203, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia

Received 16 March 1997; Accepted 22 July 1997

Copyright © 1998 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A universal active biquad based on the dual-output second-generation current-conveyor (CCII±) is presented. The circuit uses only six CCII± and can, simultaneously, support three mixed-mode transfer functions and five current-mode transfer functions. The circuit uses grounded resistors and capacitors and enjoys independent grounded-element control of the filter parameters.