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Active and Passive Electronic Components
Volume 2007, Article ID 36849, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2007/36849
Research Article

Three-Input Single-Output Electronically Controllable Dual-Mode Universal Biquad Filter Using DO-CCCIIs

1Department of Teacher Training in Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Technical Education, King Mongkut's Institute of Technology North Bangkok, Bangsue, Bangkok 10800, Thailand
2Electric and Electronic Program, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Dusit, Bangkok 10300, Thailand

Received 3 May 2007; Revised 7 August 2007; Accepted 14 November 2007

Academic Editor: Ashok K. Goel

Copyright © 2007 M. Siripruchyanun and W. Jaikla. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This article presents a dual-mode (voltage-mode and current-mode) universal biquadratic filter performing completely standard functions: lowpass, highpass, bandpass, band-reject, and allpass functions, based on plus-type dual-output second-generation, current controlled, current conveyor (DO-CCCII+). The features of the circuit are that the bandwidth and natural frequency can be tuned electronically via the input bias currents: the circuit description is very simple, consisting of merely 2 DO-CCCIIs and 2 capacitors: the circuit can provide either the voltage-mode or current-mode filter without changing circuit topology. Additionally, each function response can be selected by suitably selecting input signals with digital method. Without any external resistors, the proposed circuit is very suitable to further develop into an integrated circuit. The PSPICE simulation results are depicted. The given results agree well with the theoretical anticipation. The maximum power consumption is approximately 1.81 mW at ±1.5 V supply voltages.