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Active and Passive Electronic Components
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 4721048, 9 pages
Research Article

Simultaneous Suppression of IMD3 and IMD5 in Space TWT by IMD3 and 2HD Signal Injection

1School of Information Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300401, China
2Tianjin Broadcasting TV and Film Institute, Tianjin 300112, China
3Institute of Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Kewen Xia; nc.ude.tubeh@aixwk

Received 13 November 2016; Accepted 12 December 2016; Published 10 January 2017

Academic Editor: Wen-Ming Zhang

Copyright © 2017 Dongming Zhao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper presents a signal injection technology showing significant reductions in both 3rd-order and 5th-order intermodulation distortions (IMD3 and IMD5) in space traveling wave tube (STWT). By applying the IMD3 to the IMD5 ratio (TFR) as measures of location, the simultaneous suppressions of IMD3 and IMD5 in TWT are achieved by second harmonic distortion (2HD) and IMD3 injection. According to the research on theoretical analysis and computer simulation, the optimum amplitude and phase parameters of the injected signal for maximum simultaneous suppressions are obtained. Then an experiment system is established based on vector network analyzer, optimum TFR are 2.1 dB and 12.5 dB, respectively, by second harmonic and IM3 injection, and the output powers of IMD3 and IMD5 were decreased. TFR with IMD3 injection is smaller than that with second harmonic injection in STWT, and the experiment system is more straightforward and easy to operate. Thus, the IMD3 injection performs better than that of second harmonic injection to suppress IMD5s for the narrow-band STWT.