Advances in Public Health / 2014 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Rural-Urban Differences in Health Care Expenditures: Empirical Data from US Households

Table 1

Comparisons of weighted individual expenditure distributions by residence and type of service, MEPS 2010.

Weighted mean (SE) or percentageUrbanRural value
(N = 19,561)(N = 3,211)

Outpatient care
 Include zero ($)1252.7 (43.3)1306.2 (62.2)0.4826
 Exclude zero ($)1852.5 (60.7)1893.5 (81.6)0.6854
 Zero users (%)32.4%31.0%0.5458
 Lower half of cumulative sum (%)63.1%64.2%
 Higher half of cumulative sum (%)4.5%4.8%
Hospital inpatient care
 Include zero ($)1602.8 (90.8)1574.7 (160.4)0.8775
 Exclude zero ($)18838.5 (853.9)15747.0 (1293.7)0.0538
 Zero users (%)91.5%90.0%0.0853
 Lower half of cumulative sum (%)7.3%8.3%
 Higher half of cumulative sum (%)1.2%1.7%
Hospital emergency room
 Include zero ($)187.1 (9.8)163.4 (19.1)0.2870
 Exclude zero ($)1636.4 (76.4)1167.4 (113.0)0.0011
 Zero users (%)88.6%86.0%0.0087
 Lower half of cumulative sum (%)10.4%12.5%
 Higher half of cumulative sum (%)1.1%1.5%
Prescription drugs
 Include zero ($)1061.4 (31.0)1278.3 (71.7)0.0073
 Exclude zero ($)1611.5 (43.8)1741.7 (93.6)0.2187
 Zero users (%)34.1%26.6%<0.0001
 Lower half of cumulative sum (%)60.9%66.3%
 Higher half of cumulative sum (%)4.9%7.0%
Total expenditures
 Include zero ($)4929.5 (123.1)5172.3 (269.2)0.4136
 Exclude zero ($)5867.1 (143.2)6007.2 (307.6)0.6788
 Zero users (%)16.0%13.9%0.0521
 Lower half of cumulative sum (%)78.3%79.3%
 Higher half of cumulative sum (%)5.7%6.8%

Note: the last item “total expenditures” is not the sum of the above four services but the overall healthcare expenditure of each individual who might also use other services such as dental care.

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