Advances in Public Health / 2016 / Article / Tab 5

Research Article

Prevalence of Undernutrition and Its Associated Factors among Children below Five Years of Age in Bure Town, West Gojjam Zone, Amhara National Regional State, Northwest Ethiopia

Table 5

Logistic regression analysis of undernutrition among children below five years of age in Bure, West Gojjam Zone, Amhara regional state, northwest Ethiopia, in 2015 ().

Variables StuntingWastingUnderweight
COR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI) valueCOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI) valueCOR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI) value

Sex
 Male 2.165 (1.068, 4.391)0.514 (0.211, 1.251)0.1433.008 (1.55, 5.825)2.91 (1.430, 5.915)0.003
 Female111
Maternal education status
 Cannot read and write3.03 (1.089, 8.447)1.43 (0.322, 6.33)0.6394.337 (1.217, 15.454)5.493 (1.270, 23.761)0.023
 Only read and write2.322 (0.759, 7.10)1.34 (0.303, 5.943)0.6984.826 (1.242, 18.756)5.929 (1.351, 26.09)0.018
 Primary education 2.661 (0.899, 7.88)1.89 (0.462, 7.745)0.3753.029 (0.750, 12.234)3.547 (0.829, 15.177)0.088
 Secondary education1.645 (0.550, 4.92)1.51 (0.414, 5.49)0.53411
 Diploma or degree 112.056 (0.395, 10.694)3.302 (0.512, 21.317)0.209
Father’s educational status
 Cannot read and write4.47 (1.78, 11.28)5.38 (2.07, 13.98)0.0015.676 (1.119, 28.79)4.336 (0.789, 23.82)0.0916.56 (1.7, 25.18)4.40 (1.1, 17.44)0.035
 Only read and write2.36 (1.02, 5.46)2.73 (1.11, 6.72)0.0295.000 (1.087, 23.00)5.344 (1.151, 24.82)0.0323.28 (0.89, 12.03)2.84 (0.74, 10.84)0.127
 Primary education11112.50 (0.62, 10.16)1.238 (0.26, 6.02)0.791
 Secondary education1.270 (0.486, 3.32)2.08 (0.810, 5.33)0.1285.57 (1.209, 25.681)15.358 (1.15, 24.88)0.0324.172 (1.19, 15.7)3.81 (1.01, 14.5)0.050
 Diploma or degree 1.869 (0.785, 4.45)1.16 (0.407, 3.31)0.7801.525 (0.246, 9.461)1.461 (0.234, 9.123)0.68511
Monthly income
 Less than 7501.77 (1.013, 3.089)0.861 (0.37, 1.997)0.7282.695 (1.098, 1.098)2.685 (1.089, 6.620)0.0322.51 (1.16, 5.44)1.64 (0.58, 4.66)0.357
 750–15000.77 (0.368, 1.609)0.499 (0.21, 1.187)0.1162.804 (1.037, 1.037)3.077 (1.125, 8.415)0.0292.33 (0.97, 5.62)2.22 (0.75, 6.55)0.150
 >1500111111
Gestational age
 Term 2.567 (0.603, 10.928)4.923 (0.919, 26.379)0.062.6 (0.75, 4.730)3.72 (0.66, 20.89)0.14
 Preterm 2.931 (0.999, 8.598)3.942 (1.121, 13.85)0.033.2 (1.21, 8.30)3.71 (1.05, 13.11)0.04
 Postterm 1111
Diarrhea in the last 1 month
 Yes3.39 (1.784, 6.442)2.621 (1.31, 5.25)0.0079.061 (4.390, 18.702)9.452 (4.342, 20.576)0.0003.73 (1.83, 7.61)3.306 (1.421, 6.79)0.005
 No 1111
RTI in the last one month
 Yes2.58 (1.38, 4.83)2.658 (1.34, 5.28)0.0055.710 (2.824, 11.54)6.003 (2.757, 13.074)0.0002.57 (1.29, 5.10)2.420 (1.09, 5.38)0.03
 No111111
ANC follow-up
 Yes 1111
 No 4.46 (1.44, 13.820)4.45 (1.41, 14.06)0.0118 (2.75, 23.15)10.5 (3.24, 33.99)0.000

Note: COR, crude odds ratio; AOR, adjusted odds ratio; , significant association; RTI, respiratory tract infection.

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