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Advances in Public Health
Volume 2017, Article ID 6506231, 6 pages
Research Article

Domestic Violence among Pregnant Mothers in Northwest Ethiopia: Prevalence and Associated Factors

1Department of Nursing, University of Gondar College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Gondar, Ethiopia
2Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Gondar College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Institute of Public Health, Gondar, Ethiopia
3Federal Ministry of Health, Medical Service Directorate, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Correspondence should be addressed to Berhanu Boru Bifftu; moc.liamg@urobunahreb

Received 4 April 2017; Revised 28 September 2017; Accepted 7 November 2017; Published 5 December 2017

Academic Editor: Paul Van Royen

Copyright © 2017 Berhanu Boru Bifftu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Domestic violence against women is a serious public health concern and human rights violation among pregnant mothers because of its negative effect on the life of both the mother and the fetus. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of domestic violence and associated factors among pregnant women. Methods. An institution based quantitative cross-sectional study was conducted among 418 women using a systematic random sampling technique. Binary logistic regression analysis and adjusted odds ratio with 95% confidence interval were used to identify the associated factors. Results. Overall, the prevalence of domestic violence was found to be 25.4%. Of this, the prevalence of psychological, physical, and sexual violence was 24.5%, 8.1%, and 2.4%, respectively. Low educational status (AOR = 4.59, CI: 1.496, 14.070), rural residency (AOR = 5.53, CI: 2.311, 13.249), unplanned pregnancy (AOR = 4.34, CI: 2.345, 8.020), and late initiation of antenatal care (AOR = 5.41, CI: 1.493, 19.696) were factors associated with domestic violence at value < 0.05. Conclusion. Overall, more than quarter of the study participants had experienced domestic violence. Lower educational status, rural residency, unplanned pregnancy, and late initiation of antenatal care were factors associated with domestic violence. Thus, the authors suggest strengthening provision of women’s reproductive health information.