Advances in Public Health / 2020 / Article / Tab 17

Research Article

Under-Five Mortality and Associated Risk Factors in Rural Settings of Ethiopia: Evidences from 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey

Table 17

Binary logistic analysis of under-five mortality (multivariable analyses): rural Ethiopia.

VariablesCategoryAOR (: AOR)Robust std. error value

RegionTigrayRef
Afar1.08 (0.83, 1.40)0.140.559
Amhara1.32 (1.08, 1.62)0.140.007
Oromia0.94 (0.75, 1.17)0.110.575
Somali0.78 (0.61, 1.01)0.100.062
Benishangul-Gumuz1.09 (0.86, 1.39)0.130.454
SNNPR1.43 (1.13, 1.81)0.170.003
Gambela1.13 (0.85, 1.50)0.160.388
Harari1.06 (0.78, 1.43)0.160.722
Dire Dawa1.78 (1.28, 2.47)0.300.001

Father’s education levelNo educationRef
Primary completed1.03 (0.93, 1.15)0.060.551
Secondary and above completed0.77 (0.63, 0.94)0.650.010

Mother’s education levelNo educationRef
Primary completed0.82 (0.72, 0.93)0.050.001
Secondary and above completed1.21 (0.89, 1.63)0.190.220

Twin child typeSingleRef
Multiple4.50 (3.38, 5.98)0.650.001

Place of deliveryHomeRef
Public sector0.65 (0.55, 0.76)0.050.001
Private sector1.10 (0.73, 1.65)0.230.663

Mother’s occupationNo workingRef
Had working1.28 (1.16, 1.42)0.070.001

Father’s occupationNo workingRef
Had working1.45 (1.25, 1.69)0.110.001

Marital statusOthersRef
Married0.95 (0.76, 1.17)0.100.617

Age at first birth (mother’s)16Ref
160.41 (0.37, 0.45)0.020.001

Breastfeeding statusNoRef
Yes0.60 (0.55, 0.66)0.030.001

Birth order numberFirstRef
2-31.18 (1.02, 1.37)0.090.022
4 and above1.06 (0.91, 1.24)0.080.418

Religious beliefOrthodoxRef
Muslim1.20 (1.02, 1.41)0.100.026
Others0.85 (0.71, 1.02)0.080.080

Contraceptive usedNoRef
Yes0.80 (0.71, 0.90)0.050.001

Vaccination of childNoRef
Yes0.52 (0.46, 0.60)0.030.001

Family size1–3Ref
4–60.74 (0.63, 0.86)0.060.001
7 and above0.44 (0.36, 0.52)0.040.001

Sex of childMaleRef
Female0.92 (0.84, 1.01)0.040.071

Mother’s age groupBelow 20 yearsRef
20–29 years3.88 (3.08, 4.90)0.460.001
30–39 years16.29 (12.66, 20.96)2.090.001
40+ years55.97 (42.27, 74.13)8.020.001

Number of antenatal visitsNo visitsRef
1–30.50 (0.43, 0.58)0.040.001
4 and above visited0.46 (0.39, 0.54)0.040.001

Preceding birth interval0–24 monthsRef
25–36 months0.55 (0.48, 0.62)0.030.001
36 months0.30 (0.26, 0.34)0.020.001

NB: “” statistically significant variables at level of significance; AOR: adjusted odds ratio; CI: confidence interval; Ref: reference (the reference category was selected based on the first category as the reference of the others without any rational consideration).

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