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Advances in Preventive Medicine
Volume 2014, Article ID 501972, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/501972
Research Article

Prevalence of Risk Factors for the Metabolic Syndrome in the Middle Income Caribbean Nation of St. Lucia

1Center for Global Health, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
2Department of Health Promotion and Behavior, College of Public Health, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
3Department of Internal Medicine, Tapion Hospital, P.O. Box 1780, Castries, Saint Lucia

Received 27 June 2014; Revised 3 September 2014; Accepted 11 September 2014; Published 22 September 2014

Academic Editor: John Iskander

Copyright © 2014 Colleen O’Brien Cherry et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The objective of this research was to measure the presence of metabolic syndrome risk factors in a sample population in the middle income Caribbean nation of St. Lucia and to identify the demographic and behavioral factors of metabolic syndrome among the study participants. Interviews and anthropometric measures were conducted with 499 St. Lucians of ages 18–99. Descriptive statistics were used for the analysis. Fifty-six percent of females and 18 percent of males had a waist size equal to or above the indicator for the metabolic syndrome. Behavioral risk factors such as sedentary lifestyle, smoking, and alcohol consumption varied by gender. Thirty-six percent of women and 22% of men reported a sedentary lifestyle and 43% of women and 65% of men reported any alcohol consumption. More research should be done to determine the cultural norms and gender differences associated with modifiable risk behaviors in St. Lucia.