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Advances in Preventive Medicine
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 906107, 9 pages
Research Article

Prevalence of Voluntary Counseling and Testing Utilization and Its Associated Factors among Bahirdar University Students

1Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, Semera University, P.O. Box 132, Samara, Ethiopia
2Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, Bahirdar University, P.O. Box 79, Bahirdar, Ethiopia

Received 3 March 2014; Revised 22 May 2014; Accepted 5 June 2014; Published 3 July 2014

Academic Editor: Katrin S. Kohl

Copyright © 2014 Getachew Fikadie et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. In Ethiopia university students are among the most sexually active and high HIV risk young population group but unfortunately VCT uptake was low (35%–38%) among this group. Examining the factors contributing to VCT uptake is vital to facilitate HIV prevention and control efforts. Objective. To assess the prevalence of voluntary counseling and testing utilization and its associated factors among Bahirdar University students in April 2012. Methods. Cross-sectional study was conducted in April 2012, among Bahirdar University students. A multistage sampling procedure was used to select 801 students. Data were collected using pretested self-administered questionnaire and analyzed by using SPSS version-16. Results. 772 students (79.7% males) participated in the study. The mean age of the respondents’ was 21.3. From all respondents 37.8% of the study participants had undergone HIV test. Different variables showed significant association with VCT uptake. Conclusion. The major factors identified for increased VCT service utilization were having a friend who got VCT, having discussion about HIV/AIDS with family, origin of residence, year of study, and having boy- or girlfriend. Therefore, actions targeting these predictors are necessary to effectively enhance the use of the VCT services utilization among students.