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Advances in Preventive Medicine
Volume 2016, Article ID 1345017, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1345017
Research Article

Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity among Primary School Children Aged 8–13 Years in Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania

1Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Dar es Salaam, P.O. Box 35048, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
2Department of Recreation Management and Exercise Science, Kenyatta University, P.O. Box 43844, Nairobi 00100, Kenya

Received 18 January 2016; Revised 13 May 2016; Accepted 19 May 2016

Academic Editor: Masaru Shimada

Copyright © 2016 Ismail N. Pangani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. The understanding of obesity as a growing health problem in Africa and Tanzania in particular is hampered by lack of data as well as sociocultural beliefs in which overweight and obesity are revered. This study sought to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity among primary school children aged 8–13 years in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Method. A cross-sectional analytical research design was used to study overweight and obesity in primary schools in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The target population was 150,000 children aged 8–13 years. Stratified random sampling was used to select 1781 children. Weight and height were taken and WHO standards for children were used to determine weight status. Results. Findings showed that the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 15.9% and 6.7%, respectively (). However, 6.2% of the children were underweight. There were significant differences in mean BMI between children in private and public schools (), between male and female (), and across age groups of 8–10 and 11–13 years (). Conclusion. The prevalence of overweight and obesity among primary school children is significant and requires management and prevention strategies.