Advances in Preventive Medicine / 2016 / Article / Tab 8

Research Article

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Insulin Resistance in Adults from Maracaibo City, Venezuela

Table 8

Sociodemographic and metabolic risk factors associated with insulin resistance (Maracaibo, Venezuela, 2015).

Model 1Model 2
Crude odds ratio
(CI 95%)
Adjusted odds ratio
(CI 95%)
Adjusted odds ratio
(CI 95%)

Gender
 Males1.001.001.00
 Females1.01 (0.85–1.21) 0.89 1.29 (1.02–1.65) 0.04 1.33 (1.04–1.71)0.02

Age groups (years)
 <30 1.001.001.00
 30–59 1.48 (1.22–1.80) <0.01 0.65 (0.50–0.85) <0.01 0.64 (0.49–0.84)<0.01
 ≥601.50 (1.11–2.02) <0.01 0.42 (0.28–0.65) <0.01 0.42 (0.27–0.66)<0.01

Occupational status
 Unemployed1.001.001.00
 Employed1.31 (1.09–1.58) <0.01 1.45 (1.15–1.83) <0.01 1.42 (1.12–1.80)<0.01

Leisure-domain physical activity
 Inactive1.001.001.00
 Very low0.99 (0.71–1.37)0.931.25 (0.85–1.86)0.241.29 (0.87–1.93)0.21
 Low0.73 (0.53–1.01)0.060.71 (0.48–1.04)0.070.70 (0.47–1.04)0.08
 Moderate0.69 (0.49–0.97) 0.04 0.76 (0.51–1.14) 0.17 0.72 (0.48–1.09) 0.12
 High0.63 (0.45–0.89) <0.01 0.69 (0.46–1.03) 0.07 0.63 (0.41–0.95) 0.03
 Very high0.53 (0.38–0.74) <0.01 0.77 (0.52–1.15) 0.19 0.80 (0.54–1.20) 0.28

Alcohol intake
 Absent1.001.001.00
 Present1.21 (1.00–1.47)0.051.41 (1.10–1.79)<0.011.44 (1.12–1.84)<0.01

High TAG
 Absent1.001.001.00
 Present 2.51 (2.05–3.06)<0.01 1.77 (1.38–2.27) <0.01 1.76 (1.36–2.29) <0.01

Low HDL-C
 Absent1.001.001.00
 Present 1.76 (1.47–2.10)<0.01 1.31 (1.06–1.64) 0.01 1.33 (1.06–1.66) 0.01

Elevated waist circumference
 Absent1.001.001.00
 Present 3.68 (3.06–4.42)<0.01 1.31 (0.98–1.76) 0.07 1.28 (0.95–1.73) 0.11

JNC-8 classification
 Normotensive1.001.001.00
 Prehypertensive1.41 (1.16–1.73)<0.01 0.96 (0.75–1.22) 0.73 0.96 (0.75–1.23) 0.75
 Hypertensive2.16 (1.71–2.72)<0.01 0.99 (0.73–1.37) 0.991.06 (0.77–1.46) 0.73

Body Mass Index (kg/m2)
 ≤24.91.00 1.001.00
 25–29.92.04 (1.62–2.57) <0.01 1.90 (1.41–2.55) <0.011.93 (1.43–2.61) <0.01
 ≥306.05 (4.76–7.69) <0.01 4.33 (2.97–6.29) <0.014.40 (2.99–6.47) <0.01

Glycemic status
 Normoglycemic1.001.001.00
 Impaired fasting glycemia2.69 (2.14–3.38)<0.01 2.43 (1.87–3.15) <0.01 2.44 (1.88–3.17) <0.01
 Type 2 diabetes mellitus5.98 (4.11–8.68)<0.01 4.62 (2.71–7.88) <0.01

Confidence interval (95%); significance.
Model 1: adjusted for gender, age groups, ethnic groups, socioeconomic status, educational status, marital status, occupational status, diabetes mellitus family history, alcohol intake, smoking habits, leisure-domain physical activity, glycemic status, presence of high TAG, low HDL-C, and elevated waist circumference, BMI classification and JNC-8 classification.
Model 2: excluding diabetic subjects.
ADA 2014 classification.
IDF/AHA/NHLBI/WHF/IAS/IASO 2009 consensus criteria.

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