Advances in Preventive Medicine / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Diabetes and Diabetes Care among Nonobese Japanese-Americans: Findings from a Population-Based Study

Table 1

Descriptive variables characteristics and odds of having diabetes (OR) of nonobese Japanese-American and non-Hispanic White cohorts from the 2007, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, and 2016 CHIS (n=121,946).

White
(n = 119,651)
Japanese
(n = 2,295)
p-valueComplete Model OR (95% CI)p-value

Without Diabetes95.5%92.0%0.0003Non-Hispanic White (Ref.)1.00
With Diabetes4.5%8.0%Japanese Americans2.08
(1.49, 2.90)
<0.001
DemographicsDemographics
GenderGender
Male48.3%41.3%0.02Female (Ref.)1.00
Female51.8%58.7%Male1.50
(1.32, 1.70)
<0.001
AgeAge
Mean
(95% CI)
49.23 ± 0.23 (49.0-49.5)49.9 ± 1.03
(47.9-51.9)
0.86(by Decade) †1.61
(1.55, 1.68)
<0.001
Socioeconomic StatusSocioeconomic Status
EducationEducation
No Post-Secondary Degree43.8%34.0%<0.0001Post-Secondary Degree (Ref.)1.00
Post-Secondary Degree56.2%66.0%No Post-Secondary Degree1.41
(1.24, 1.60)
<0.001
Poverty LevelPoverty Level
Not In Poverty92.7%93.1%0.866Not In Poverty (Ref.)1.00
In Poverty7.3%6.9%In Poverty1.51
(1.17, 1.93)
<0.001
Health VariablesHealth Variables
Lifetime SmokingLifetime Smoking
Less than 100 Cigarettes57.6%69.7%<0.0001Less than 100 Cigarettes (Ref.)1.00
100 or more Cigarettes42.4%30.3%100 or more Cigarettes1.19
(1.02, 1.38)
0.02
NativityNativity
US-born89.9%74.5%<0.0001US-born (Ref.)1.00
Foreign-born10.1%25.5%Foreign-born1.03
(0.83, 1.28)
0.79
ExerciseExercise
Less than Moderate Exercise28.7%36.1%0.003Less than Moderate Exercise1.14
(1.01, 1.30)
0.04
Moderate Exercise71.3%63.9%Moderate Exercise
(Ref.)
1.00
Body Mass Index (BMI)Body Mass Index (BMI)
BMI< 25 (Ref)55.1%68.6%<0.0001BMI< 25 (Ref)1.00
BMI >=25, <3044.9%31.4%BMI >=25, <301.81
(1.57, 2.08)
<0.001

Age was divided by 10 and can be interpreted as odds for diabetes by decade.
All variables in the table were included in the logistic regression analysis.

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