Advances in Preventive Medicine / 2019 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Diabetes and Diabetes Care among Nonobese Japanese-Americans: Findings from a Population-Based Study

Table 2

Descriptive characteristics and odds of having diabetes (OR) of nonobese Japanese-American adults with and without diabetes (n=2,295). Source: 2007, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, and 2016 CHIS.

Without Diabetes
(n = 2,026)
With Diabetes
(n = 269)
p-valueFully Adjusted Model
OR (95% CI)
p-value

Demographics
Gender
Male91.5%8.5%0.721.30
(0.57, 2.95)
0.54
Female (Ref.)92.3%7.7%1.00
Mean Age (95% CI)48.1±1.07
(46.0-50.2)
70.4±2.50
(65.5, 75.3)
<0.00011.91
(1.52, 2.39)
<0.001
Socioeconomic Status
Education
No Post-Secondary Degree88.6%11.4%0.040.93
(0.44, 1.94)
0.84
Post-Secondary Degree (Ref.)93.8%6.2%1.00
Poverty Level
Not In Poverty (Ref.)91.9%8.1%0.691.00
In Poverty93.5%6.6%1.14
(0.42, 3.11)
0.80
Health Variables
Lifetime Smoking
Less than 100 Cigarettes (Ref.)94.6%5.4%0.00091.00
100 or more Cigarettes85.9%14.1%1.86
(0.76, 4.54)
0.18
Nativity
US-born (Ref.)92.7%7.3%0.381.00
Foreign-born90.0%10.0%1.48
(0.63, 3.48)
0.37
Exercise
Less than Moderate Exercise92.8%7.2%0.640.72
(0.37, 1.40)
0.34
Moderate Exercise (Ref.)91.6%8.5%1.00
Body Mass Index (BMI)
BMI< 25 (Ref)93.7%6.3%0.0481.00
BMI >=25, <3088.3%11.7%1.77
(0.89, 3.55)
0.11

Age was divided by 10 and can be interpreted as odds for diabetes by decade. All variables in the table were included in the logistic regression analysis.

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