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Advances in Pharmacological Sciences
Volume 2012, Article ID 576086, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/576086
Review Article

Antinociceptive, Anti-Inflammatory, and Antipyretic Activity of Mangrove Plants: A Mini Review

1Pharmacy Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna 9208, Bangladesh
2Biotechnology and Genetics Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna 9208, Bangladesh
3Department of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh, Tangail 1902, Bangladesh
4School of Pharmacy, Griffith University, QLD 4222, Australia
5Leicester School of Pharmacy, De Montfort University, The Gateway, Leicester LE1 9BH, UK
6Department of Pharmacy, School of Applied Sciences, University of Wolverhampton, MA Building, Wulfruna Street, Wolverhampton WV1 1LY, UK

Received 31 January 2012; Accepted 16 February 2012

Academic Editor: Esra Küpeli Akkol

Copyright © 2012 J. A. Shilpi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Mangrove plants are specialised plants that grow in the tidal coasts of tropic and subtropic regions of the world. Their unique ecology and traditional medicinal uses of mangrove plants have attracted the attention of researchers over the years, and as a result, reports on biological activity of mangrove plants have increased significantly in recent years. This review has been set out to compile and appraise the results on antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic activity of mangrove plants. While the Web of Knowledge, Google Scholar, and PubMed were the starting points to gather information, other pieces of relevant published literature were also adequately explored for this purpose. A total of 29 reports on 17 plant species have been found to report such activities. While 19 reports were on the biological activity of the crude extracts, 10 reports identified the active compound(s) of various chemical classes of natural products including terpenes, steroids, and flavonoids. This review finds that antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic activity appears to be widespread in mangrove plants.