Table 1: Effect of different fractions of H. cordata on glucose utilization by isolated rat hemidiaphragm.

GroupIncubation mediumGlucose uptake (mg/g/30 min)

ControlTyrode solution with glucose (2%)15.74 ± 0.38
InsulinTyrode solution with glucose (2%) + insulin (0.25 IU/mL)29.65 ± 0.54
QCTyrode solution with glucose (2%) + quercetin (1 mg/mL)31.42 ± 1.87
Insulin + QCTyrode solution with glucose (2%) + insulin (0.25 IU/mL) + quercetin (1 mg/mL)34.10 ± 1.03
AQTyrode solution with glucose (2%) + aqueous fraction (25 mg/mL)35.26 ± 0.52
Insulin + AQTyrode solution with glucose (2%) + insulin (0.25 IU/mL) + aqueous fraction (25 mg/mL)36.21 ± 1.63
EATyrode solution with glucose (2%) + ethyl acetate fraction (25 mg/mL)24.58 ± 0.56
Insulin + EATyrode solution with glucose (2%) + insulin (0.25 IU/mL) + ethyl acetate fraction (25 mg/mL)28.60 ± 0.33
CHLTyrode solution with glucose (2%) + chloroform fraction (25 mg/mL)19.32 ± 0.84
Insulin + CHLTyrode solution with glucose (2%) + insulin (0.25 IU/mL) + chloroform fraction (25 mg/mL)23.33 ± 0.54
HEXTyrode solution with glucose (2%) + hexane fraction (25 mg/mL)17.41 ± 0.81
Insulin + HEXTyrode solution with glucose (2%) + insulin (0.25 IU/mL) + hexane fraction (25 mg/mL)22.32 ± 0.36

All results are expressed as mean ± SEM. Statistical comparison was determined by one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey’s multiple comparison test. , statistically significant compared to control group; compared to insulin.
AQ: aqueous fraction, EA: ethyl acetate fraction, CHL: chloroform fraction, and HEX: hexane fraction of H. cordata.