Advances in Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences / 2018 / Article / Tab 2

Review Article

Therapeutic Properties of Stingless Bee Honey in Comparison with European Bee Honey

Table 2

Common phenolic compounds with their potential health benefits found in both European bee honeys and stingless bee honeys.

CompoundMolecular formulaePotential health benefitsReferences

Gallic acidC7H6O5Antioxidant[38]
Anti-inflammatory
Cardioprotective activity
Antimutagenic
Anticancer

Caffeic acidC9H8O4Cardiovascular diseases treatment[39]
Anti-inflammatory effects[40]
Anticancer[41, 42]
Antidiabetic[43]

CatechinC15H14O6Cardiovascular diseases treatment[44]
Antidiabetic potential[45]
Anti-inflammatory

ApigeninC15H10O5Anti-inflammatory[46]
Antimutagenic
Treating cardiovascular diseases[37]

ChrysinC15H10O4Improves cognitive deficits and brain damage[47]
Anticancer

Cinnamic acidC9H8O2Improves cognitive deficits and brain damage effect[47]
Antimicrobial effect[48]

KaempferolC15H10O6Cardiovascular diseases treatment[39]

p-Coumaric acidC9H8O3Anticancer activity[41, 43]
Improves cognitive deficits and brain damage effect[47]

Quercetin-3-O-rutinoside (rutin)C27H30O16Antiallergic[49]
Anti-inflammatory
Antiproliferative
Antitumor

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