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Anesthesiology Research and Practice
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 159541, 6 pages
Review Article

The Psoas Compartment Block for Hip Surgery: The Past, Present, and Future

1Department of Anesthesia, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, Zaans Medical Centre, Koningin Julianaplein 58, 1502 DV Zaandam, The Netherlands
2Department of Anesthesia, VU Medical Centre, 1502 DV Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Received 22 December 2010; Revised 10 March 2011; Accepted 24 March 2011

Academic Editor: Sridhar Kollipara

Copyright © 2011 M. A. de Leeuw et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A posterior lumbar plexus block or psoas compartment block (PCB) is an effective locoregional anesthetic technique for analgesia and anesthesia of the entire lower extremity including the hip. Since the first description in the early seventies, this technique has been modified based on advanced knowledge of the anatomical localization of the lumbar plexus and the improvement of technical equipment. This paper provides an overview of the history, clinical efficacy, and risk profile of the PCB focused on hip surgery. Current status and future expectations are discussed.