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Anesthesiology Research and Practice
Volume 2012, Article ID 239636, 1 page

Pain Management Techniques and Practice: New Approaches, Modifications of Techniques, and Future Directions

1Trescot Pain Fellowship, Wasilla, AK, USA
2Pain Relief Centers, Conover, NC, USA
3Pacific Coast Pain Management Center, Laguna Hills, CA, USA
4Department of Anesthesiology, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy
5Anaesthesia and Pain Relief, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Received 29 July 2012; Accepted 29 July 2012

Copyright © 2012 Andrea Trescot et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

The practice of pain medicine has radically changed over the last twenty years, morphing from an almost exclusively anesthesia-based, recovery room, and procedure-oriented part-time practice into a multidisciplinary, multimodality, multispecialty field. These changes have been the consequence and the stimuli for the expansion of new medications and techniques, which have improved the diagnosis and treatment of painful conditions. This issue attempts to highlight some of the advances in anesthesiology and pain, including epidural analgesia, spinal cord stimulation, and trigger point diagnosis and treatment. There is also a case report of a technique utilizing transforaminal blood patches to treat intracranial hypotension, analogous to postdural puncture headaches. Particularly intriguing, given the current controversy regarding the role of opioids in the management of chronic pain, is the report of the lasting developmental delays seen in infant rats exposed to fentanyl. This observation could have a significant impact on the decision to initiate opioids in human infants and children and adds data to the current dilemma.

Pain medicine is a rapidly growing field, and the innovations described in this issue move the field further into the future. Hopefully, the reader will be encouraged to utilize and expand on these topics in their own practice.

Andrea Trescot
Hans Hansen
Standiford Helm
Giustino Varras
Magdi Iskander