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Anesthesiology Research and Practice
Volume 2016, Article ID 4281719, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4281719
Clinical Study

Granisetron versus Granisetron-Dexamethasone for Prevention of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in Pediatric Strabismus Surgery: A Randomized Double-Blind Trial

1Room Number 376, Dr. R. P. Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
2Room Number 374, Dr. R. P. Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
3Room Number 5011, Department of Anaesthesiology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
4Room Number 5007, Department of Anaesthesiology, AIIMS, New Delhi, India

Received 8 September 2015; Revised 5 December 2015; Accepted 29 December 2015

Academic Editor: Yukio Hayashi

Copyright © 2016 Renu Sinha et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. Efficacy of granisetron and combination of granisetron and dexamethasone was evaluated for prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in children undergoing elective strabismus surgery. Methods. A total of 136 children (1–15 years) were included. Children received either granisetron (40 mcg/kg) [group G] or combination of granisetron (40 mcg/kg) and dexamethasone (150 mcg/kg) [group GD]. Intraoperative fentanyl requirement and incidence and severity of oculocardiac reflex were assessed. PONV severity was assessed for first 24 hours and if score was >2, it was treated with metoclopramide. Postoperative analgesia was administered with intravenous fentanyl and ibuprofen. Results. The demographic profile, muscles operated, and fentanyl requirement were comparable. Complete response to PONV in first 24 hours was observed in 75% (51/68) of children in group G and 76.9% (50/65) of children in group GD, which was comparable statistically (, Fisher exact test; OR 1.11, 95% CI 0.50, 2.46). Incidence of PONV between 0 and 24 hours was comparable. One child in group G required rescue antiemetic in first 24 hours and none of the children had severe PONV in group GD. There was no significant difference in incidence or severity of oculocardiac reflex. Conclusion. Dexamethasone did not increase efficacy of granisetron for prevention of PONV in elective pediatric strabismus surgery. Registration number of clinical trial was CTRI/2009/091/001000.