Anesthesiology Research and Practice / 2019 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Risk Factors for Moderate to Severe Pain during the First 24 Hours after Laparoscopic Bariatric Surgery While Receiving Intravenous Patient-Controlled Analgesia

Table 2

Demographic and surgical data related to pain severity.

DataNo or mild pain (NRS 0–3; n = 25)Moderate to severe pain (NRS 4–10; n = 72) value

Age (years)41.60 ± 12.3437.56 ± 12.160.157
Female sex14 (56.0%)53 (73.6%)0.101
BMI (kg/m2)43.56 ± 6.1445.55 ± 9.060.311
ASA classification0.613
 25 (20.0%)18 (25.0%)
 320 (80.0%)54 (75.0%)
Obstructive sleep apnea0.796
 None12 (48.0%)37 (51.4%)
 Mild2 (8.0%)6 (8.3%)
 Moderate2 (8.0%)9 (12.5%)
 Severe9 (9.0%)20 (27.8%)
CPAP (yes)12 (48.0%)31 (43.1%)0.668
Type of operation0.514
 Roux-en-Y12 (48.0%)40 (55.6%)
 Sleeve gastrectomy13 (52.0%)32 (44.4%)
Concomitant operations0.586
 Hiatal hernia1 (4.0%)1 (1.4%)
 LC3 (12.0%)5 (6.9%)
 LC and hiatal hernia0 (0.0%)2 (2.8%)
Operative time (min)171.92 ± 67.03178.29 ± 66.250.680

indicates statistical significance. Values are given as n (%) or mean ± standard deviation. Abbreviations: NRS, numeric rating scale; BMI, body mass index; ASA, American Society of Anesthesiologists; CPAP, continuous positive airway pressure; LC, laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

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