Anesthesiology Research and Practice / 2020 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Cesarean Delivery: A Survey of Anesthesiologists

Table 3

Bivariate analysis of preincision antibiotic prophylaxis, adjunctive azithromycin for unscheduled cesarean delivery, and 3 g cefazolin in morbidly obese women.

CharacteristicPreincision prophylaxis (%) valueAzithromycin use in intrapartum cesarean delivery (%) value3 g cefazolin in morbidly obese women (%) value

Administration frequency of obstetric anesthesia<0.00010.22860.6520
 Very rarely (only a few times a year)15/20 (75.0%)1/20 (5.0%)10/20 (50.0%)
 Rarely (less than once a month)31/38 (81.6%)3/38 (7.9%)13/38 (34.2%)
 Occasionally (a few times a month)453/475 (95.4%)46/475 (9.7%)202/475 (42.5%)
 Very often (several times a week)663/690 (96.1%)91/690 (13.2%)284/690 (41.2%)

Region in the United States<0.0001<0.0001<0.0001
 Northeast240/248 (96.8%)27/248 (10.9%)97/248 (39.1%)
 Southeast219/233 (94.0%)20/233 (8.6%)86/233 (36.9%)
 Midwest238/245 (97.1%)41/245 (16.7%)123/244 (50.4%)
 Southwest116/118 (98.3%)18/118 (15.3%)57/118 (48.3%)
 West235/241 (97.5%)32/241 (13.3%)117/241 (48.6%)
 Other114/138 (82.6%)3/138 (2.2%)29/138 (21.0%)

Years in practice0.0025<0.0001<0.0001
 Currently training4/4 (100.0%)2/4 (50.0%)3/4 (75.0%)
 <5 years106/107 (99.1%)26/107 (24.3%)68/107 (63.6%)
 5–15 years450/464 (97.0%)68/464 (14.7%)217/464 (46.8%)
 More than 15 years601/647 (92.9%)45/647 (7.0%)221/647 (34.2%)

Institutional annual number of cesarean deliveries0.0043<0.00010.0041
 <10070/81 (86.4%)2/81 (2.5%)24/81 (29.6%)
 100–500499/523 (95.4%)45/523 (8.6%)202/523 (38.6%)
 >500593/619 (95.8%)94/619 (15.2%)283/619 (45.7%)

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