Table 1: HIV prevalence in adults 15–49 years old in Africa [12].

Prevalence of HIVNumber of countriesCountry

0–0.9%7Algeria, Comoros, Eritrea, Madagascar, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal
1–4.9%19Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritius, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Togo
5–9.9%6Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda
10–19.9%6Malawi*, Mozambique*, Namibia*, South Africa*, Zambia*, Zimbabwe*
20–30%3Botswana*, Lesotho*, Swaziland*
Missing5Cape Verde, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Sao Tome and Principe, Seychelles

* These 9 countries account for 50% of the global burden of HIV-associated TB [15].