Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
AIDS Research and Treatment
Volume 2012, Article ID 792649, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/792649
Review Article

Meeting the Contraceptive Needs of Key Populations Affected by HIV in Asia: An Unfinished Agenda

1FHI 360 Headquarters, Durham, NC 27713, USA
2FHI 360 Asia and Pacific Regional Office, Bangkok 10330, Thailand
3FHI 360, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh

Received 15 June 2012; Revised 10 August 2012; Accepted 13 August 2012

Academic Editor: Elizabeth Bukusi

Copyright © 2012 Tricia Petruney et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. UNAIDS, Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, UNAIDS, 2010.
  2. World Health Organization, HIV/AIDS in the South-East Asia Region: Progress Report 2010, World Health Organization, 2010.
  3. UNAIDS, HIV in Asia and the Pacific: Getting to Zero, UNAIDS, 2011.
  4. M. D. Sweat, K. R. O'Reilly, G. P. Schmid, J. Denison, and I. De Zoysa, “Cost-effectiveness of nevirapine to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission in eight African countries,” AIDS, vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 1661–1671, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. D. T. Halperin, J. Stover, and H. W. Reynolds, “Benefits and costs of expanding access to family planning programs to women living with HIV,” AIDS, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. S123–S130, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. W. Hladik, J. Stover, G. Esiru, M. Harper, and J. Tappero, “The contribution of family planning towards the prevention of vertical HIV transmission in Uganda,” PLoS ONE, vol. 4, no. 11, Article ID e7691, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. H. W. Reynolds, B. Janowitz, R. Homan, and L. Johnson, “The value of contraception to prevent perinatal HIV transmission,” Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 350–356, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. W. Reynolds, B. Janowitz, R. Wilcher, and W. Cates, “Contraception to prevent HIV-positive births: current contribution and potential cost savings in PEPFAR countries,” Sexually Transmitted Infections, vol. 84, supplement 2, pp. ii49–ii53, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. H. W. Reynolds, M. J. Steiner, and W. Cates, “Contraception's proved potential to fight HIV,” Sexually Transmitted Infections, vol. 81, no. 2, pp. 184–185, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. Stover, N. Fuchs, D. Halperin, A. Gibbons, and D. Gillespie, Costs and Benefits of Adding Family Planning to Services to Prevent Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT), The Futures Group, Washington, DC, 2003.
  11. M. Mahy, J. Stover, K. Kiragu et al., “What will it take to achieve virtual elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV? An assessment of current progress and future needs,” Sexually Transmitted Infections, vol. 86, supplement 2, pp. ii48–ii55, 2010. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. R. Wilcher, W. Cates Jr., and S. Gregson, “Family planning and HIV: strange bedfellows no longer,” AIDS, vol. 23, supplement 1, pp. S1–S6, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. T. Delvaux, F. Crabbé, S. Seng, and M. Laga, “The need for family planning and safe abortion services among women sex workers seeking STI care in Cambodia,” Reproductive Health Matters, vol. 11, no. 21, pp. 88–95, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Women of the Asia Pacific Network of People Living with HIV, “Positive and Pregnant—How Dare You: a study on access to reproductive and maternal health care for women living with HIV in Asia (Findings from six countries: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Nepal, Viet Nam),” Women of the Asia Pacific Network of People Living with HIV, 2012.
  15. G. Morineau, G. Neilsen, S. Heng, C. Phimpachan, and D. E. Mustikawati, “Falling through the cracks: contraceptive needs of female sex workers in Cambodia and Laos,” Contraception, vol. 84, no. 2, pp. 194–198, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. K. Katz, M. McDowell, M. S. Green, and S. Jahan, “Assessing the need for family planning among female sex workers and female injecting drug users in Dhaka, Bangladesh,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Family Planning, Dakar, Senegal, 2011.
  17. J. T. F. Lau, J. Zhang, L. Zhang et al., “Comparing prevalence of condom use among 15,379 female sex workers injecting or not injecting drugs in China,” Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 908–916, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. V. S. Mahendra, S. Mehrotra, B. Srikanthi et al., “Identifying areas for linkages between HIV and SRH for vulnerable populations: an exploratory study to assess female sex workers' sexual and reproductive health needs,” 2007.
  19. S. Wayal, F. Cowan, P. Warner, A. Copas, D. Mabey, and M. Shahmanesh, “Contraceptive practices, sexual and reproductive health needs of HIV-positive and negative female sex workers in Goa, India,” Sexually Transmitted Infections, vol. 87, no. 1, pp. 58–64, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. N. Minichiello, G. Morineau, M. Zhongqiang, and R. Airawanwat, “Contraceptive needs among female sex workers in Yunnan, China,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Family Planning, Dakar, Senegal, 2011.
  21. J. T. F. Lau, L. W. H. Mui, H. Y. Tsui, E. Wong, and S. P. Y. Ho, “Prevalence of induced abortion and associated factors among Chinese female sex workers in Hong Kong,” Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 19–29, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. V. Chakrapani, P. A. Newman, M. Shunmugam, and R. Dubrow, “Prevalence and contexts of inconsistent condom use among heterosexual men and women living with HIV in India: implications for prevention,” AIDS Patient Care and STDs, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 49–58, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. C. S. Todd, A. Nasir, M. Raza Stanekzai et al., “Contraceptive utilization and pregnancy termination among female sex workers in Afghanistan,” Journal of Women's Health, vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 2057–2062, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. Dhanu, S. Gaikwad, V. Ranebennur et al., “Do sex workers think beyond condoms for family planning? Experiences from Aastha, India,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Family Planning, Dakar, Senegal, 2011.
  25. S. Jadhav, S. Gaikwad, V. Ranebennur et al., ““We have family planning needs too!” Contraceptive needs and choices of female sex workers from Mumbai, India,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Family Planning, Dakar, Senegal, 2011.
  26. V. Chakrapani, T. Kershaw, M. Shunmugam, P. A. Newman, D. H. Cornman, and R. Dubrow, “Prevalence of and barriers to dual-contraceptive methods use among married men and women living with HIV in India,” Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 2011, Article ID 376432, 8 pages, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. United Nations, World Contraceptive Use 2010 (POP/DB/CP/Rev2010), United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, 2011.
  28. N. Suryavanshi, A. Erande, H. Pisal et al., “Repeated pregnancy among women with known HIV status in Pune, India,” AIDS Care, vol. 20, no. 9, pp. 1111–1118, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. Division UNS, Gender Info 2007: Abortion Rate, 2001.
  30. B. K. Chi, N. T. T. Hanh, V. Rasch, and T. Gammeltoft, “Induced abortion among HIV-positive women in Northern Vietnam: exploring reproductive dilemmas,” Culture, Health and Sexuality, vol. 12, supplement 1, pp. S41–S54, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. B. K. Chi, V. Rasch, N. Thi Thyú Hanh, and T. Gammeltoft, “Pregnancy decision-making among HIV positive women in Northern Vietnam: reconsidering reproductive choice,” Anthropology and Medicine, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 315–326, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. P. J. Feldblum, M. D. Nasution, T. H. Hoke et al., “Pregnancy among sex workers participating in a condom intervention trial highlights the need for dual protection,” Contraception, vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 105–110, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. S. Green, M. A. Weaver, T. W. Kohi et al., “Using facilitated referrals to integrate family planning services into HIV care and treatment clinics in Tanzania,” in Proceedings of the 6th IAS Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment, and Prevention, Rome, Italy, 2011.
  34. A. B. Spaulding, D. B. Brickley, C. Kennedy et al., “Linking family planning with HIV/AIDS interventions: a systematic review of the evidence,” AIDS, vol. 23, supplement 1, pp. S79–S88, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. H. Bradley, D. Gillespie, A. Kidanu, Y. T. Bonnenfant, and S. Karklins, “Providing family planning in Ethiopian voluntary HIV counseling and testing facilities: client, counselor and facility-level considerations,” AIDS, vol. 23, supplement 1, pp. S105–S114, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. N. O. Chabikuli, D. D. Awi, O. Chukwujekwu et al., “The use of routine monitoring and evaluation systems to assess a referral model of family planning and HIV service integration in Nigeria,” AIDS, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. S97–S103, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. C. E. Kennedy, A. B. Spaulding, D. B. Brickley et al., “Linking sexual and reproductive health and HIV interventions: a systematic review,” Journal of the International AIDS Society, vol. 13, no. 1, article 26, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. B. Nattabi, J. Li, S. C. Thompson, C. G. Orach, and J. Earnest, “A systematic review of factors influencing fertility desires and intentions among people living with HIV/AIDS: implications for policy and service delivery,” AIDS and Behavior, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 949–968, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. E. Scholl and D. Cothran, Integrating Family Planning and HIV Services: Programs in Kenya and Ethiopia Lead the Way, JSI, Arlington, Va, USA, 2010.
  40. World Health Organization, Strategic Considerations for Strengthening the Linkages between Family Planning and HIV/AIDS Policies, Programs, and Services, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, 2009.
  41. C. Dickinson, K. Attawell, and N. Druce, “Progress on scaling up integrated services for sexual and reproductive health and HIV,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 87, no. 11, pp. 846–851, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. R. J. Kosgei, K. M. Lubano, C. Shen et al., “Impact of integrated family planning and HIV care services on contraceptive use and pregnancy outcomes: a retrospective cohort study,” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, vol. 58, no. 5, pp. e121–e126, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. R. Stephenson, B. Vwalika, L. Greenberg et al., “A randomized controlled trial to promote long-term contraceptive use among HIV-serodiscordant and concordant positive couples in Zambia,” Journal of Women's Health, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 567–574, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus