Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
AIDS Research and Treatment
Volume 2013, Article ID 878151, 7 pages
Research Article

Risky Behaviors among HIV-Positive Female Sex Workers in Northern Karnataka, India

1Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, 3718 Locust Walk, 239 McNeil Building, Philadelphia, PA 19103, USA
2Karnataka Health Promotion Trust, Bangalore 560044, India
3Centre for Global Public Health, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg MB, Canada R3E 0T6

Received 6 September 2012; Accepted 18 December 2012

Academic Editor: P. K. Nicholas

Copyright © 2013 Apoorva Jadhav et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. NACO, National AIDS Control Organization Annual Report 2010-11, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi, India, 2011.
  2. P. Estebanez, K. Fitch, and R. Najera, “HIV and female sex workers,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 71, no. 3-4, pp. 397–412, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. L. J. D'Costa, F. A. Plummer, I. Bowmer, L. Fransen, P. Piot, and A. Ronald, “Prostitutes are a major reservoir of sexually transmitted diseases in Nairobi, Kenya,” Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 64–67, 1985. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. F. A. Plummer, N. J. D. Nagelkerke, S. Moses, J. O. Ndinya-Achola, J. Bwayo, and E. Ngugi, “The importance of core groups in the epidemiology and control of HIV-1 infection,” AIDS, vol. 5, supplement 1, pp. S169–S176, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. N. J. D. Nagelkerke, P. Jha, S. J. de Vlas et al., “Modelling HIV/AIDS epidemics in Botswana and India: impact of interventions to prevent transmission,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 80, no. 2, pp. 89–96, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. NACO, HIV Sentinel Surveillance and HIV Estimation in India 2007: A Technical Brief, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi, India, 2008.
  7. M. M. Islam and K. M. Conigrave, “HIV and sexual risk behaviors among recognized high-risk groups in Bangladesh: need for a comprehensive prevention program,” International Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 363–370, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Jain, N. Saggurti, B. Mahapatra et al., “Relationship between reported prior condom use and current self-perceived risk of acquiring HIV among mobile female sex workers in Southern India,” BMC Public Health, vol. 11, Supplement 6, article S5, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  9. H. Wang, R. Y. Chen, G. B. Sharp et al., “Mobility, risk behavior and HIV/STI rates among female sex workers in Kaiyuan City, Yunnan Province, China,” BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 10, article 198, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. A. Srinivasan, “Reform and revival: the devadasi and her dance,” Economic and Political Weekly, vol. 20, no. 44, pp. 1869–1876, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  11. Population Council, Assessing the Patterns and Drivers of Migration/Mobility of Sex Workers on the Move in Karnataka and Examining the Link with HIV Risk, Population Council, New Delhi, India, 2010.
  12. H. Yang, X. Li, B. Stanton et al., “Heterosexual transmission of HIV in China: a systematic review of behavioral studies in the past two decades,” Sexually Transmitted Diseases, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 270–280, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus