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AIDS Research and Treatment
Volume 2014, Article ID 356090, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/356090
Research Article

Factors Associated with HIV Testing History among Pregnant Women and Their Partners in Georgia: The ANRS 12127 Prenahtest Trial

1Health Research Union, 8 Nutsubidze Street, 0177 Tbilisi, Georgia
2Laboratoire Epidémiologie, Centre Pasteur du Cameroun, BP 1274, Yaoundé, Cameroon
3Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, CEPED UMR, Université Paris Descartes (Sorbonne Paris Cité)-INED-IRD, 221 boulevard Davout, 75020 Paris, France
4Centre INSERM U897 “Epidémiologie et Biostatistique”, INSERM, 146 rue Léo Saignat, 33076 Bordeaux, France
5Institut de Santé Publique Epidémiologie Développement (ISPED), Université Bordeaux Segalen, 146 rue Léo Saignat, 33076 Bordeaux, France

Received 22 May 2014; Revised 4 September 2014; Accepted 11 September 2014; Published 29 September 2014

Academic Editor: P. K. Nicholas

Copyright © 2014 Maia Butsashvili et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Despite the benefits of timely diagnosis of HIV infection and the wide availability of VCT services, the acceptance of HIV testing and counseling still remains a challenge in Georgia. The goal of our study was to assess the history of HIV testing and associated factors among pregnant women. The recruitment of study participants took place during routine antenatal care visits at one of the large Maternity Hospitals in Tbilisi, capital of Georgia. A total of 491 pregnant women were included in the sample. More than a third of women (38.5%) reported that they were tested for HIV before the current pregnancy and almost all of them (91.5%) were tested during previous pregnancies. Bivariate analysis revealed statistically significant association of women’s history of HIV testing with age, education level, remunerated activity, history of STI, and multiparity. In multivariate analysis, the only independent predictor of being HIV tested was ever being pregnant. In conclusion, HIV testing history among women at reproductive age was poor in Georgia. Women mostly received HIV testing at prenatal centers. Efforts should be made to promote HIV testing in primary care settings, which would increase its acceptability and overall testing rate in the population.