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AIDS Research and Treatment
Volume 2014, Article ID 581021, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/581021
Research Article

HBV and HCV Coinfection among HIV/AIDS Patients in the National Hospital of Tropical Diseases, Vietnam

1Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi 10000, Vietnam
2National Hospital of Tropical Diseases, 78 Giai Phong Road, Dong Da District, Hanoi 10000, Vietnam

Received 25 May 2014; Revised 8 September 2014; Accepted 3 October 2014; Published 8 December 2014

Academic Editor: Robert R. Redfield

Copyright © 2014 Bùi Vũ Huy et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Aim. To examine prevalence and characterization of HBV and HCV coinfection among HIV/AIDS patients. Methods. This cross-sectional, retrospective study analyzed 724 HIV/AIDS patients in the HIV clinic at the National Hospital of Tropical Diseases (NHTD), from 5/2005 to 4/2011. Results. The prevalence of HBV, HCV, and HIV coinfection was 50.3% (364/724), of which HbsAg, HCV, and both of HbsAg, and HCV positivity were 8.4%, 35.4%, and 6.5%, respectively. The cohort (364 patients) with HBV, HCV, and HIV coinfection live in the 30 provinces/cities in the North and Central area of Vietnam. We found statistically significant associations between heightened risk of coinfection with HIV and HCV in the age group 30–39 years (), male gender (), never married patients (), patients with a history of injection drug use (), and clinical stages 2–4 (). Coinfection with HBV/HIV was statistically significant associations between heightened risk of marital status (never married) () and those who reported transmission through sexual intercourse. Conclusion. Coinfection with viral hepatitis is common in HIV patients; further study of the impact and evolution of coinfection is necessary to find effective treatment algorithms.