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AIDS Research and Treatment
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 5812650, 13 pages
Review Article

HIV-Stigma in Nigeria: Review of Research Studies, Policies, and Programmes

1Demography and Population Studies Programme, Schools of Public Health and Social Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
2Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
3Department of Demography and Social Statistics, Federal University, Birnin Kebbi, Nigeria

Correspondence should be addressed to Joshua O. Akinyemi

Received 16 September 2017; Accepted 22 November 2017; Published 27 December 2017

Academic Editor: Robert R. Redfield

Copyright © 2017 Clifford O. Odimegwu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Nigeria has about 3.8 million people living with HIV, the second largest globally. Stigma and discrimination are major barriers to testing, treatment uptake, and adherence. In this review, we synthesized information on research studies, policies, and programmes related to HIV-stigma in Nigeria. This was with a view to identify critical areas that research and programmes must address in order to accelerate the progress towards zero (new infections, discrimination, and death) target by year 2030. Existing studies were mostly devoted to stigma assessment using varieties of measures. Research, policies, and programmes in the past two decades have made very useful contributions to stigma reduction. We identified the need for a consistent, valid, and objective measure of stigma at different levels of the HIV response. Nigeria does not lack relevant policies; what needs to be strengthened are design, planning, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of context-specific stigma reduction programmes.