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AIDS Research and Treatment
Volume 2017, Article ID 9034282, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9034282
Research Article

Factors Affecting Utilization of Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing Services among Teachers in Awi Zone, Northwest Ethiopia

1Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Core Process, Amhara National Regional State Health Bureau, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
2Clinical Chemistry, Amhara Public Health Institute, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
3Public Health Emergency Management, Awi Zone Health Department, Injibara, Ethiopia

Correspondence should be addressed to Mulusew Alemneh Sinishaw; moc.oohay@henmelawesulum

Received 29 November 2016; Revised 16 March 2017; Accepted 5 April 2017; Published 23 April 2017

Academic Editor: Soraya Seedat

Copyright © 2017 Woudneh Gereme Desta et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

HIV/AIDS affects the basic educational sector which is the most productive segment of the population and vital to the creation of human capital. The loss of skilled and experienced teachers due to the problem is increasingly compromising the provision of quality education in most African countries. The study was proposed to determine the magnitude of VCT utilization and assess contributing factors that affect VCT service utilization among secondary school teachers in Awi Zone. A cross-sectional study design was conducted among 588 participants in 2014. Self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 16, presented as frequencies and summary statistics, and tested for presence of significant association with odds ratio at 95% CI. More than half (53.6%) of study participants were tested for HIV. Those who had sexual intercourse, had good knowledge about VCT, were divorced/widowed, were in the age group of 20–29 years, and were married utilized VCT services two, three, four, three, and two times better than their counterparts, respectively. Actions targeting unmarried status, increase of educational level, and teachers with age groups above 30 years are necessary to follow their counterparts to utilize VCT service in order to save loss of teachers.