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AIDS Research and Treatment
Volume 2017, Article ID 9580548, 11 pages
Research Article

HIV among Female Sex Workers in Five Cities in Burkina Faso: A Cross-Sectional Baseline Survey to Inform HIV/AIDS Programs

1Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (IRSS), Ouagadougou, West Africa, Burkina Faso
2University Ouaga 1 Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Ouagadougou, West Africa, Burkina Faso
3Institut Africain de Santé Publique, Ouagadougou, West Africa, Burkina Faso
4Programme d’Appui au Monde Associatif et Communautaire, Ouagadougou, West Africa, Burkina Faso
5Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
6Centre Hospitalier Regional de Kaya, West Africa, Burkina Faso

Correspondence should be addressed to Henri Gautier Ouedraogo; fb.ssri@ogoardeuog

Received 30 June 2017; Revised 15 September 2017; Accepted 18 October 2017; Published 15 November 2017

Academic Editor: Glenda Gray

Copyright © 2017 Henri Gautier Ouedraogo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background. Female sex workers (FSWs) are considered a vulnerable population for HIV infection and a priority for HIV/AIDS response programs. This study aimed to determine HIV prevalence among FSWs in five cities in Burkina Faso. Methods. FSWs aged 18 and older were recruited using respondent driven sampling (RDS) in five cities (Ouagadougou, Bobo-Dioulasso, Koudougou, Ouahigouya, and Tenkodogo) in Burkina Faso from 2013 to 2014. HIV testing was performed using the HIV testing national algorithm. We conducted bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis to assess correlates of HIV in all cities combined (not RDS-adjusted). Results. Among Ouagadougou, Koudougou, and Ouahigouya FSWs, RDS-adjusted HIV prevalence was 13.5% (95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 9.6–18.7), 13.3% (95% CI: 7.6–22.4), and 13.0% (95% CI: 7.6–21.3), respectively, compared to 30.1% (95% CI: 25.5–35.1) among Bobo-Dioulasso FSWs. Factors associated with HIV infection were age (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 7.84 95% CI: 3.78–16.20), being married or cohabitating (aOR = 2.43, 95% CI: 1.31–4.49), and history of pregnancy (aOR = 5.24, 95% CI: 1.44–18.97). Conclusion. These results highlight the need to strengthen HIV prevention among FSWs, through behavior change strategies, and improve access to sexual and reproductive health services.