Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
AIDS Research and Treatment
Volume 2019, Article ID 8329483, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/8329483
Research Article

Factors Affecting Psychological Distress among People Living with HIV/AIDS at Selected Hospitals of North Shewa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia

1Debre Berhan University, Institute of Medicine and Health Science, Department of Nursing, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia
2Debre Berhan University, Institute of Medicine and Health Science, Department of Public Health, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia
3Debre Berhan University, Department of Psychology, P.O. Box 445, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia

Correspondence should be addressed to Behailu Tariku Derseh; moc.liamg@ukiratsanim

Received 1 May 2019; Accepted 11 July 2019; Published 22 July 2019

Academic Editor: Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan

Copyright © 2019 Elyas Admasu Basha et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Sarkhel, “Kaplan and sadock's synopsis of psychiatry: behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry, 10th edition,” Indian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 51, no. 4, p. 331, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  2. Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health, National Comprehensive HIV Care and Treatment Training for Health Care Providers, 2017.
  3. Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health, National Comprehensive HIV Testing and Counseling Training Participant Manual, 2016.
  4. Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health, National Comprehensive HIV Care and Treatment Training for Health care Providers, 2014.
  5. Central Statistical Agency [Ethiopia] and ICF International, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia: Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2016 Key Indicators Report, 2016, https://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1860/EthiopiaDHS2016KIR-Final10-17-2016.pdf.
  6. National Institutes of Health (US), Biological Sciences Curriculum Study. NIH Curriculum Supplement Series [Internet], Information about Mental Illness and the Brain, National Institutes of Health (US), Bethesda (MD), USA, 2007, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK20369/.
  7. National Institutes of Health (US), Transforming the understandingand treatment of mental illnesses. NIMH mental health information [Internet], Information Chronic Illness and Mental Health: Recognizing and Treating Depression, National Institutes of Health (US), Bethesda (MD), USA, 2007, https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/chronic-illness-mental-health/index.shtml.
  8. A. A. Paul and F. C. Premraj, “Psychosocial problems and its impact faced by the HIV/AIDS infected patients,” IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science, http://www.iosrjournals.org/iosr-jhss/papers/Conf.17004/Volume-3/7.%2040-45.pdf.
  9. K. M. Stetz and M. Brown, “Physical and psychosocial health in family caregiving: a comparison of AIDS and cancer caregivers,” Public Health Nursing, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 533–540, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. S. Rizalar, A. Ozbas, N. Akyolcu, and B. Gungor, “Effect of perceived social support on psychosocial adjustment of turkish patients with breast cancer,” Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 3429–3434, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. A. Obadeji, A. O. Ogunlesi, and T. O Adebowale, “Prevalence and predictors of depression in people living with HIV/AIDS attending an outpatient clinic in Nigeria,” Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 26–31, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  12. J. Hanass-Hancock, H. Myezwa, B. Carpenter, and S. L. Bellamy, “Disability and living with HIV: baseline from a cohort of people on long term ART in South Africa,” Plos One, vol. 10, no. 12, Article ID e0143936, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. A. J. Gohil and V. P. Parmar, “Family adjustment, social adjustment and depression in people with HIV positive diagnosis,” The International Journal of Indian Psychology, vol. 3, pp. 156–164, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  14. P. A. Vanable, M. P. Carey, D. C. Blair, and R. A. Littlewood, “Impact of HIV-related stigma on health behaviors and psychological adjustment among HIV-positive men and women,” AIDS and Behavior, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 473–482, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. Saki, S. Mohammad Khan Kermanshahi, E. Mohammadi, and M. Mohraz, “Perception of patients with HIV/AIDS from stigma and discrimination,” Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, vol. 17, no. 6, Article ID e23638, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. A. Schadé, G. van Grootheest, and J. H. Smit, “HIV-infected mental health patients: characteristics and comparison with HIV-infected patients from the general population and non-infected mental health patients,” BMC Psychiatry, vol. 13, no. 1, article no. 35, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. B. Charles, L. Jeyaseelan, A. K. Pandian, A. E. Sam, M. Thenmozhi, and V. Jayaseelan, “Association between stigma, depression and quality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) in South India – a community based cross sectional study,” BMC Public Health, vol. 12, no. 1, article no. 463, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. L. C. Simbayi, S. Kalichman, A. Strebel, A. Cloete, N. Henda, and A. Mqeketo, “Internalized stigma, discrimination, and depression among men and women living with HIV/AIDS in Cape Town, South Africa,” Social Science & Medicine, vol. 64, no. 9, pp. 1823–1831, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. S. E. Varni, C. T. Miller, T. McCuin, and S. Solomon, “Disengagement and engagement coping with HIV/AIDS stigma and psychological well-being of people with HIV/AIDS,” Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 123–150, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Barua, Y. Sharma, and M. Basilio, “A psychosocial study on HIV/AIDS,” International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health, vol. 5, pp. 548–550, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  21. T. L. Albrecht and M. B. Adelman, Communicating Social Support: A Theoretical Perspective, Sage, Newbury Park, CA, USA, 1987.
  22. A. S. Forouzan, S. Z. Jorjoran, H. Sajjadi et al., “Social support network among people living with HIV/AIDS in Iran,” AIDS Research and Treatment, vol. 2013, Article ID 715381, 7 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. B. L. Genberg, S. Kawichai, A. Chingono et al., “Assessing HIV/AIDS stigma and discrimination in developing countries,” AIDS and Behavior, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 772–780, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. P. A. Ngum, P. N. Fon, R. C. Ngu, V. S. Verla, and H. N. Luma, “Depression among HIV/AIDS patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy in the southwest regional hospitals of cameroon: a cross-sectional study,” Neurology and Therapy, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 103–114, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. Pappin, E. Wouters, and F. L. Booysen, “Anxiety and depression amongst patients enrolled in a public sector antiretroviral treatment programme in South Africa: a cross-sectional study,” BMC Public Health, vol. 12, no. 1, article no. 244, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. C. Bernard, F. Dabis, and N. De Rekeneire, “Prevalence and factors associated with depression in people living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis,” Plos One, vol. 12, no. 8, Article ID e0181960, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. E. Kinyanda, S. Hoskins, J. Nakku, S. Nawaz, and V. Patel, “Prevalence and risk factors of major depressive disorder in HIV/AIDS as seen in semi-urban Entebbe district, Uganda,” BMC Psychiatry, vol. 11, no. 1, article no. 205, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  28. M. Beusenberg, J. H. Orley, and World Health Organization - Division of Mental Health, A User's Guide to The Self-Reporting Questionnaire (‎SRQ /compiled by M. Beusenberg and J. Orley), Geneva, Switzerland, 1994, http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/61113.
  29. F. Kortmann, “Psychiatric case finding in Ethiopia: shortcomings of the self reporting questionnaire,” Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 381–391, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. A. Deribew, M. Tesfaye, Y. Hailmichael et al., “Common mental disorders in TB/HIV co-infected patients in Ethiopia,” BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 10, no. 1, article no. 201, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. W. Getinet Alemu, Y. D. Malefiya, and B. Boru Bifftu, “Mental distress among patients admitted in gondar university hospital: a cross sectional institution based study,” Health Science Journal, vol. 10, no. 6, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  32. H. Bitew, G. Andargie, A. Tadesse et al., “Suicidal ideation, attempt, and determining factors among HIV/AIDS patients, Ethiopia,” Depression Research and Treatment, vol. 2016, Article ID 8913160, 6 pages, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  33. S. H. Tesfaye and G. T. Bune, “Generalized psychological distress among HIV-infected patients enrolled in antiretroviral treatment in Dilla University Hospital, Gedeo zone, Ethiopia,” Global Health Action, vol. 7, no. 1, p. 23882, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. A. Tesfay, A. Gebremariam, M. Gerbaba, and H. Abrha, “Gender differences in health related quality of life among people living with HIV on highly active antiretroviral therapy in mekelle town, Northern Ethiopia,” BioMed Research International, vol. 2015, Article ID 516369, 9 pages, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. G. Tesfaw, G. Ayano, T. Awoke et al., “Prevalence and correlates of depression and anxiety among patients with HIV on-follow up at Alert Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia,” BMC Psychiatry, vol. 16, no. 1, article no. 368, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. T. Amare, W. Getinet, S. Shumet, and B. Asrat, “Prevalence and associated factors of depression among PLHIV in Ethiopia: systematic review and meta-analysis, 2017,” AIDS Research and Treatment, vol. 2018, Article ID 5462959, 9 pages, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar