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Advances in Urology
Volume 2008, Article ID 413505, 7 pages
Review Article

Familial Syndromes Coupling with Small Renal Masses

Department of Urology, Instituto Medico Tecnológico, Barcelona 08024, Spain

Received 27 March 2008; Accepted 2 July 2008

Academic Editor: J. Rubio

Copyright © 2008 Jorge Hidalgo and Gilberto Chéchile. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


During the past two decades, several new hereditary renal cancers have been discovered but are not yet widely known. Hereditary renal cancer syndromes can lead to multiple bilateral kidney tumors that occur at a younger age than that at which the nonhereditary renal cancers occur. The aim of our work is to review the features of hereditary renal cancers, the basic principles of genetic relevant to these syndromes, and the various histopathologic features of renal cancer. In addition, we will describe the known familial syndromes associated with small renal masses.