Advances in Urology / 2009 / Article / Fig 1

Review Article

Comprehensive Management of Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma

Figure 1

(a) Access for a right retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN). A 10- to 15-mm incision is made below and medial to the tip of the 12th rib. (b) The flank muscles are pierced with a blunt-tipped instrument followed by finger dissection and development of the retroperitoneum space to permit trocar placement. (c) Trocar placement for a right retroperitoneal LRN.
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(a)
656521.fig.001b
(b)
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(c)

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