Studies that compare laparoscopic nephroureterectomy with open surgery.
|Study||No. of patients||Tumor grade||Follow-up||Outcomes|
|Gill et al. ||42 in LT, 35 in OS||34 patients in LT arm and 28 in OS arm III tumors||11.1 months in LT,34.4 in OS||LT significantly decreasing morbidity with comparable oncological and survival data to OS|
|Shalhav et al. ||25 in LT 17 in OS||21 patients in LT arm and 14 in OS arm grade II||2 years in both arms||LT has longer operating time but the same efficacy and is better tolerated|
|LT: laparoscopic treatment, OS: open surgery.|