Table 3: Port-site metastasis following LNU. CR, conventional retroperitoneal; CT, conventional transperitoneal; HAT, hand-assisted transperitoneal; LNU, laparoscopic nephroureterectomy; NL, not listed; TCC, transitional cell carcinoma; TURBT, transurethral resection of bladder tumor.

AuthorSurgeryStageRetrieval bagMetastases locationTime to metastasis (mo)Comments

Ahmed et al. [23]CTpT3NoWidespread8

Barrett et al. [24]CTpT1NoWidespreadNL

Otani et al. [25]CTpT3YesTrocar3Bag torn; preoperative diagnosis of TCC not known

Ong et al. [26]CRpT1YesTrocar12Stent perforation in proximal ureter noted at time of LNU

Chueh et al. [27]HATpT2NLTrocar8Bilateral LNU and TURBT performed in renal transplant patient

Micali et al. [28]CTpT3YesNL3

Micali et al. [28]CRpT3YesNL15

Micali et al. [28]HATpT3YesNL3

Micali et al. [28]CRpT1NoTrocar3Preoperative diagnosis of TCC not known

Micali et al. [28]CRpT1YesTrocarNLPreoperative diagnosis of TCC not known

Micali et al. [28]CRpT2YesTrocarNLPreoperative diagnosis of TCC not known

Micali et al. [28]CRNLYesTrocarNLPreoperative diagnosis of TCC not known

Matsui et al. [29]CRpT3NoTrocar6Squamous cell carcinoma

Naderi et al. [30]CTpT2NoTrocar, subcostal wound3Required conversion to open surgery secondary to renal vein bleeding

Manabe et al. [20]CRNLNLWidespreadNLUrine extravasation secondary to urinary tract obstruction noted preop

Schatteman et al. [9]CTpT4NoWidespread5Preoperative diagnosis of TCC not known

Schatteman et al. [9]CTpT3NoWidespread8Preoperative diagnosis of TCC not known

Schatteman et al. [9]CTpT1YesWidespread11