Advances in Urology / 2011 / Article / Tab 3

Review Article

The Strong Protective Effect of Circumcision against Cancer of the Penis

Table 3

Association between smegma and penile cancer.

Study [ref.] 𝑛 / 𝑁 βˆ— OR (95% CI)Type

Maden et al. (1993) [3]80/2682.1 (1.2–3.8)†IPC+CIS
Brinton et al. (1991) [99]30/9711 (3.68–32.6)IPC
Daling et al. (2005) [36]32/3081.4 (0.3–6.9)†CIS
Daling et al. (2005) [36]38/3142.4 (0.7–8)†IPC

Meta-analysis (random effects): OR = 3.04 (95% CI = 1.29–7.16)

*Total cases/total participants; †Adjusted odds ratio presented in original study.
IPC, invasive penile carcinoma; CIS, carcinoma in situ.

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