Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Urology
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 952532, 4 pages
Research Article

Anatomic Aspects of Inguinal Lymph Nodes Applied to Lymphadenectomy in Penile Cancer

Urogenital Research Unit, State University of Rio de Janeiro, 20551-030 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

Received 4 May 2011; Accepted 28 August 2011

Academic Editor: Maxwell V. Meng

Copyright © 2011 João Paulo Martins de Carvalho et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Objectives. To provide a better understanding of the distribution of inguinal nodes in order to prevent the complications of unnecessary and extended dissections in penile cancer. Methods. The bilateral inguinal regions of 19 male cadavers were dissected. Nodal distribution was noted and quantified based on anatomical location. The superficial nodes were subdivided into quarters as follows: superomedial, superolateral, inferomedial, and inferolateral. Statistical analysis was performed comparing node distribution between quarters using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and the unpaired T-test was used between superficial and deep nodes. Results. Superficial nodes were found in all inguinal regions studied (mean = 13.60), and their distribution was more prominent in the superomedial quarter (mean = 3.94) and less in the inferolateral quarter (mean = 2.73). There was statistical significance between quarters when comparing the upper group with the lower one ( ). Nodes were widely distributed in the superficial region compared with deep lymph nodes (mean = 13.60 versus 1.71, ). Conclusions. A great number of inguinal lymph nodes are distributed near the classical anatomical landmarks for inguinal lymphadenectomy, more prominent in upper quadrants.