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Advances in Urology
Volume 2012, Article ID 407601, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/407601
Research Article

Impact of Male Obesity on Semen Quality and Serum Sex Hormones

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, P.O. Box 641, Abha 61321, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Abha General Hospital, Abha, Saudi Arabia
3Department of Pediatrics Endocrinology, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha 61321, Saudi Arabia

Received 26 June 2011; Revised 11 October 2011; Accepted 12 October 2011

Academic Editor: Robert E. Brannigan

Copyright © 2012 Mamdoh Eskandar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. To investigate the association of high Body Mass Index (BMI) with semen parameters and reproductive hormones in men of reproductive age. Setting. The Saudi Center for Assisted Reproduction. Method. This study was conducted during the period from February 2009 to February 2011. Subjects were exposed through medical history evaluation as well as physical examination. BMI was calculated. Two semen samples about 1 week apart were taken from each participant by masturbation after 2–5 days of abstinence. The samples were assessed according to the WHO Criteria. Blood samples (5 ml) were withdrawn; centrifuged and the resulting sera were preserved at −4 degrees Centigrade. Serum FSH, LH, PRL, and Testosterone levels were estimated by the ELISA method. Results. There was no significant correlation between BMI and any of semen and hormonal parameters. There was significant negative correlation between age and total motility. Only the advanced paternal age has shown significant association with low motility ( 𝑃 = 0 . 0 0 7 ). Conclusion. Our study showed a significant effect of aging on sperm motility and concentration.