Advances in Urology / 2017 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Do Routine Preoperative and Intraoperative Urine Cultures Benefit Pediatric Vesicoureteral Reflux Surgery?

Table 1

Patient demographics of all 185 patients found to have ureteral reimplantation between 2000 and 2014 and the corresponding 87 patients with complete electronic medical records.

ParameterTotal study populationPatients with complete EMR
FemaleMaleFemaleMale

Number of participants (%)157 (85%)28 (15%)77 (89%)10 (11%)
Median age at surgery [Inner quartile range]4.00 [–5]3.00 [–5]3.00 [1.5–5]4.00 [1.75–6.25]

Laterality of VUR: N (%)
(i) Left36 (19%)8 (4.0%)14 (18%)4 (40%)
(ii) Right24 (13%)5 (3.0%)6 (8%)1 (10%)
(iii) Bilateral94 (51%)13 (7.0%)56 (73%)4 (40%)
(iv) Unknown3 (2.0%)2 (1.0%)1 (1%)1 (10%)

Severity of VUR: N (%)
(i) I2 (1.0%)0 (0.0%)0 (0%)0 (0%)
(ii) II33 (18%)4 (2.0%)12 (16%)1 (10%)
(iii) III66 (36%)4 (2.0%)31 (40%)1 (10%)
(iv) IV38 (21%)8 (4.0%)28 (36%)4 (40%)
(v) V3 (2.0%)10 (5.0%)1 (1%)3 (30%)
(vi) Unknown15 (8.0%)2 (1.0%)5 (7%)1 (10%)

Collecting system: N (%)
(i) Single130 (70%)21 (11%)60 (78%)9 (90%)
(ii) Duplicate25 (14%)5 (3.0%)16 (21%)1 (10%)
(iii) Unknown2 (1.0%)2 (1.0%)1 (1%)0 (0%)

Patient presentation: N (%)
All patients
(i) UTI129 (70%)11 (6.0%)69 (90%)6 (60%)
(ii) Prenatal screening7 (4.0%)11 (6.0%)4 (5%)3 (30%)
(iii) Sibling screening1 (0.5%)2 (1.0%)1 (1%)0 (0%)
(iv) Unknown20 (11%)4 (2.0%)3 (4%)1 (10%)
Preoperative UCx patients
(i) UTI31 (79%)4 (10%)31 (79%)4 (10%)
(ii) Prenatal screening1 (3.0%)2 (5.0%)1 (3.0%)2 (5.0%)
(iii) Sibling screening1 (3.0%)0 (0.0%)1 (3.0%)0 (0.0%)
(iv) Unknown0 (0.0%)0 (0.0%)0 (0.0%)0 (0.0%)

Surgical technique
Cohen Cross-trigonal97 (62%)16 (57%)56 (73%)8 (80%)
Extravesical reimplant52 (33%)10 (36%)16 (21%)1 (10%)
Other8 (5.0%)2 (7.0%)5 (6%)1 (10%)

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