Advances in Urology / 2018 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Urinary Bladder Cancer in Egypt: Are There Gender Differences in Its Histopathological Presentation?

Table 3

Unadjusted and adjusted (multivariable regression model) associations between male gender and different variables among squamous and urothelial cell carcinoma cases in Egypt.

VariableSquamous cell carcinoma (SCC)Urothelial cell carcinoma (UC)
OR (95% CI)1AOR (95% CI)2OR (95% CI)1AOR (95% CI)3

Tumor grade
 1 + 2Ref.Ref.Ref.
 31.64 (1.06–2.54)0.82 (0.38–1.79)0.99 (0.72–1.34)
Presence of SH4 ova
 NoRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 Yes2.38 (1.64–3.45)2.12 (1.15–3.89)2.02 (1.38–2.96)3.78 (1.89–7.55)
Age
 ≤55 yearsRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 >55 years2.25 (1.63–3.12)2.40 (1.32–4.36)1.31 (0.95–1.79)3.44 (1.73–6.83)
Smoking
 NeverRef.Ref.Ref.Ref.
 Ever43.99 (16.97–114.05)24.89 (8.58–72.21)106.00 (30.28–371.10)40.55 (9.13–180.12)
Residence
 NorthRef.Ref.Ref.
 South2.20 (1.30–3.73)3.31 (1.14–9.69)0.94 (0.61–1.45)

1Unadjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval); 2adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence interval) in the multivariable model that included the variables listed in the left column in addition to education and secondhand smoke; 3adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence interval) in the multivariable model that included the variables in the left column (except residence and tumor grade), education, and secondhand smoke; 4Schistosoma haematobium; whenever smoking was assessed, pack-year for ever-smokers was included in the model.