Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Advances in Urology
Volume 2018, Article ID 6783147, 5 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/6783147
Review Article

The Use of Modified Templates in Early and Advanced Stage Nonseminomatous Germ Cell Tumor

Department of Urology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA

Correspondence should be addressed to Timothy A. Masterson; ude.iupui@retsamat

Received 4 December 2017; Accepted 15 February 2018; Published 5 April 2018

Academic Editor: Jason M. Hafron

Copyright © 2018 Timothy A. Masterson and Clint Cary. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. H. Einhorn and J. Donohue, “Cis-diamminedichloroplatinum, vinblastine, and bleomycin combination chemotherapy in disseminated testicular cancer,” Annals of Internal Medicine, vol. 87, no. 3, pp. 293–298, 1977. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. J. E. Husband, A. Barrett, and M. J. Peckham, “Evaluation of computed tomography in the management of testicular teratoma,” British Journal of Urology, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 179–183, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. W. E. Barzell and W. F. Whitmore, “Clinical significance of biologic markers: Memorial Hospital experience,” Seminars in Oncology, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 48–52, 1979. View at Google Scholar
  4. J. P. Donohue, J. A. Thornhill, R. S. Foster et al., “Retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy for clinical stage A testis cancer (1965 to 1989): modifications of technique and impact on ejaculation,” Journal of Urology, vol. 149, no. 2, pp. 237–243, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. B. Cuneo, “Note sure les lymphatiques du testicle,” Bulletin Society of Anatomic, vol. 76, pp. 107–110, 1901. View at Google Scholar
  6. L. K. Jamieson and J. F. Dobson, “The lymphatics of the testicle,” The Lancet, vol. 175, no. 4512, pp. 493–495, 1910. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. H. Most, “Uber maligue hoden ges chwulste und ihre metastasen,” Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medicin, vol. 154, no. 1, pp. 138–177, 1898. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. Rouviere, “Lymphatiques de l’Homme,” Mason et Cie, 1932. View at Google Scholar
  9. S. Chiappa, C. Uslenghi, G. Galli, G. Ravasi, and G. Bonadonna, “Lymphangiography and endolymphatic radiotherapy in testicular tumours,” British Journal of Radiology, vol. 39, no. 463, pp. 498–512, 1966. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. S. Chiappa, C. Uslenghi, G. Bonadonna, P. Marano, and G. Ravasi, “Combined testicular and foot lymphangiography in testicular carcinomas,” Surgery, Gynecology & Obstetrics, vol. 123, pp. 10–14, 1966. View at Google Scholar
  11. B. Ray, S. I. Hajdu, and W. F. Whitmore, “Distribution of retroperitoneal lymph node metastases in testicular germinal tumors,” Cancer, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 340–348, 1974. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. J. P. Donohue, J. M. Zachary, and B. R. Maynard, “Distribution of nodal metastases in nonseminomatous testis cancer,” Journal of Urology, vol. 128, no. 2, pp. 315–320, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. L. Weissbach and E. A. Boedefeld, “Localization of solitary and multiple metastases in stage II nonseminomatous testis tumor as basis for a modified staging lymph node dissection in stage I,” Journal of Urology, vol. 138, no. 1, pp. 77–82, 1987. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. L. Weissbach, E. A. Boedefeld, and B. Horstmann-Dubral, “Surgical treatment of stage-I non-seminomatous germ cell testis tumor. Final results of a prospective multicenter trial 1982-1987. Testicular Tumor Study Group,” European Urology, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 97–106, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. G. Pizzocaro, R. Salvioni, and F. Zanoni, “Unilateral lymphadenectomy in intraoperative stage I nonseminomatous germinal testis cancer,” Journal of Urology, vol. 134, no. 3, pp. 485–489, 1985. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. J. P. Richie, “Clinical stage 1 testicular cancer: the role of modified retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy,” Journal of Urology, vol. 144, no. 5, pp. 1160–1163, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. J. P. Donohue, R. S. Foster, R. G. Rowland, R. Bihrle, J. Jones, and G. Geier, “Nerve-sparing retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy with preservation of ejaculation,” Journal of Urology, vol. 144, no. 2, pp. 287–291, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. S. E. Eggener, B. S. Carver, D. S. Sharp et al., “Incidence of disease outside modified retroperitoneal lymph node dissection templates in clinical stage I or IIA nonseminomatous germ cell testicular cancer,” Journal of Urology, vol. 177, no. 3, pp. 937–942, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. P. Donohue, L. M. Roth, J. M. Zachary, R.G. Rowland, L. H. Einhorn, and S. G. Williams, “Cytoreductive surgery for metastatic testis cancer: tissue analysis of retroperitoneal masses after chemotherapy,” Journal of Urology, vol. 127, no. 6, pp. 1111–1114, 1982. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. S. D. W. Beck, R. S. Foster, R. Bihrle, J. P. Donohue, and L. H. Einhorn, “Is full bilateral retroperitoneal lymph node dissection always necessary for postchemotherapy residual tumor?” Cancer, vol. 110, no. 6, pp. 1235–1240, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. S. Cho, H. Z. Kaimakliotis, C. Cary, T. A. Masterson, S. Beck, and R. Foster, “Modified retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for post-chemotherapy residual tumour: a long-term update,” BJU International, vol. 120, no. 1, pp. 104–108, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. H. Steiner, R. Peschel, and G. Bartsch, “Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection after chemotherapy for germ cell tumours: is a full bilateral template always necessary?” BJU International, vol. 102, no. 3, pp. 310–314, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. Heidenreich, D. Pfister, R. Witthuhn, D. Thüer, and P. Albers, “Postchemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection in advanced testicular cancer: radical or modified template resection,” European Urology, vol. 55, no. 1, pp. 217–226, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. B. S. Carver, B. Shayegan, S. Eggener et al., “Incidence of metastatic nonseminomatous germ cell tumor outside the boundaries of a modified postchemotherapy retroperitoneal lymph node dissection,” Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 25, no. 28, pp. 4365–4369, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. A. Jewett, Y. S. Kong, S. D. Goldberg et al., “Retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy for testis tumor with nerve sparing for ejaculation,” Journal of Urology, vol. 139, no. 6, pp. 1220–1224, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  26. S. D. W. Beck, A. L. Bey, R. Bihrle, and R. S. Foster, “Ejaculatory status and fertility rates after primary retroperitoneal lymph node dissection,” Journal of Urology, vol. 184, no. 5, pp. 2078–2080, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. M. Pearce, S. Golan, M. A. Gorin et al., “Safety and early oncologic effectiveness of primary robotic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for nonseminomatous germ cell testicular cancer,” European Urology, vol. 71, no. 3, pp. 476–482, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. Stepanian, M. Patel, and J. Porter, “Robot-assisted laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for testicular cancer: evolution of the technique,” European Urology, vol. 70, no. 4, pp. 661–667, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. S. M. Cheney, P. E. Andrews, B. C. Leibovich, and E. P. Castle, “Robot-assisted retroperitoneal lymph node dissection: technique and initial case series of 18 patients,” BJU International, vol. 115, no. 1, pp. 114–120, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. K. T. Harris, M. A. Gorin, M. W. Ball, P. M. Pierorazio, and M. E. Allaf, “A comparative analysis of robotic vs laparoscopic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for testicular cancer,” BJU International, vol. 116, no. 6, pp. 920–923, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus