Table 2: Vitamin D-induced mechanisms/mediators associated with antiviral activity.

Mediator/mechanismVirusRefs.

Cathelicidin (LL-37)VHS, influenza virus, HIV, retrovirus[5559]
HBD2HIV[60]
ROSHCV[61]
IFN responseHIV, HCV[6264]
AutophagyHIV[65, 66]
miR let-7DENV[67, 68]