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Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications
Volume 2006 (2006), Article ID 80283, 11 pages

Synthesis, Superoxide Dismutase Mimetic and Anticancer Activities of Metal Complexes of 2,2-Dimethylpentanedioic Acid(2dmepdaH2) and 3,3-Dimethylpentanedioic acid(3dmepdaH2): X-Ray Crystal Structures of [Cu(3dmepda)(bipy)]26H2O and [Cu(2dmepda)(bipy)(EtOH)]24EtOH(bipy=2,2Bipyridine)

1Dublin Institute of Technology, Cathal Brugha Street, Dublin 1, Ireland
2Department of Chemistry, National University of Ireland Maynooth Maynooth, Co Kildare, Ireland
3Department of Chemistry, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, UK
4School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences, University of Brighton, Cockcroft Building, Moulsecoomb, Brighton BN2 4GJ, UK
5Department of Applied Science, Institute of Technology, Tallaght, Dublin 24, Ireland

Received 10 January 2005; Revised 23 February 2005; Accepted 25 February 2005

Copyright © 2006 Michael Devereux et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


2,2-dimethylpentanedioic acid (2dmepdaH2) and 3,3-dimethylpentanedioic acid (3dmepdaH2) reacted with copper(II) acetate to give [Cu(2dmepda)(H2O)3]2 (1) and [Cu(3dmepda)(H2O)3]2 (2). Reaction of (1) and (2) with 1,10-phenanthroline and 2,2-bipyridine yielded [Cu(2dmepda)(phen)(H2O)]20.5phen (3), [Cu(2dmepda)(bipy)(H2O)]2 (4), [Cu(2dmepda)(bipy)(EtOH)]22EtOH (4A), [Cu(3dmepda)(phen)(H2O)]2 (5), and [Cu(3dmepda)(bipy)(H2O)]2 (6). The structures of (4A) and (6) each consists of a [Cu(bipy)(dicarboxylate)(solvent)]2 dimer. The superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic activity of the novel copper complexes and their manganese analogues was investigated. The dimethyl sulphoxide(DMSO) soluble complexes (1)–(4) and (6) were assessed for their cancer chemotherapeutic potential towards hepatocellular carcinoma and kidney adenocarcinoma cell lines. The 1,10-phenanthroline containing complex [Cu(2dmepda)(phen)(H2O)]20.5phen (3) was the most potent with activity that compares well to that of cisplatin.