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Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications
Volume 2007, Article ID 65815, 16 pages
Review Article

Lower-Rim Substituted Calixarenes and Their Applications

Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences, Gujarat University, Navrangpura, Ahmedabad 380009, Gujarat, India

Received 5 June 2006; Revised 12 December 2006; Accepted 30 January 2007

Academic Editor: Dimitris Kessisoglou

Copyright © 2007 Princy Jose and Shobana Menon. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This review discusses in detail “calixarenes” since their discovery as by-products of the phenol formaldehyde bakelites till the present scenario wherein calixarene has assumed a new dimension in the field of supramolecular chemistry. Extensive literature exists for calixarenes; but herein we have tried to concentrate on the different lower-rim modified calixarenes with their potential applications. An attempt has also been made to critically evaluate the synthesis procedures for different lower-rim substituted calixarenes.