Table 1: Summary of properties, synthesis, characterization, and applications of AuNRs

SynthesisCharacterizationLimitationApplication

Wet chemical synthesis [100102], template method [103105]SEM, TEMLimited yield due to the CTAB bilayerSensing, photothermal therapy, imaging
Electrochemical route [106108]TEMN/ASensing, photothermal therapy, imaging
Seed-mediated method [109111]TEM, ETEMN/ASensing, photothermal therapy, imaging